Difference between revisions of "Knox College"

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|'''Knox College''' is a four-year coeducational private [[liberal arts college]] located in [[Galesburg, Illinois]]. It is home to 1,351 [[students]] and some [[black squirrels]]. Download the [http://www.knox.edu/PreBuilt/PDFs/Campus_map.pdf Campus map](PDF).
|<googlemap lat="40.942629" lon="-90.371733" type="map" zoom="15" width="550" height="200">
40.941819, -90.371261, Knox campus
[[Image:Knox College Seal.png|thumb|120px|right|Official Seal of Knox College, adopted in 1903]]
== History ==
'''Knox College''' was founded in 1837 by [[anti-slavery]] social reformers, led by [[George Washington Gale]]. One founder, the [[Samuel Wright|Rev. Samuel Wright]], actively supported the [[Underground Railroad]]. The original name for the school was "Knox Manual Labor College", but it has been known by its present name since 1857.
The naming of the college is a curious story.  Though founded by a colony of Presbyterians and Congregationalists, the county in which the college is located was already named [[Knox County, Illinois|Knox County]], after [[Henry Knox]], the US' first Secretary of War. Arguments have been made that the college was named for [[Calvinist]] leader [[John Knox]], but it is not certain which Knox it was named for (if not both).  George Candee Gale, a (great-)great-grandson of two of the founders, explains that "contrary to general belief, Knox was not named for either General Knox or the Scotch Presbyterian Knox, according to my father ... Some wanted the college named for one Knox, some for the other; so they compromised on Knox.  Certainly most of them were pious enough to want the churchman and fighters enough to want the soldier as well."<ref>Calkins, Earnest Elmo. (1937) ''They broke the prairie'', University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-06094-6</ref>
Knox is also proud of its past as the inspiration for the rambunctious and lively college immortalized in [[George Fitch]]’s humorous stories about "Good [[Old Siwash]]," which were hugely popular in the 1920s, 30s and 40s. Fitch, a Knox graduate of 1897, published his stories in the ''Saturday Evening Post'', fondly depicting a college of high-spirited young men and women making the most out of the extracurricular, athletic and social aspects of a residential college. Knox students were delighted to find themselves parodied in stories that grew into several books and eventually a Hollywood movie (Those Were the Days, starring William Holden, filmed on the Knox campus in 1940). "[[Old Siwash]]" became a popular nickname for Knox College, and was for many years the name of the mascot as well. (It was changed to the "[[Prairie Fire]]" in 1993.)
[[Image:5th Lincoln Douglas debate Knox College.jpg|thumb|250px|left|A sketch of the historic [[Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858|Lincoln-Douglas debates at Knox College]]]]
Knox was the site of the [[Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858|fifth debate]] between [[Abraham Lincoln]] and [[Stephen A. Douglas]] in 1858.  The "[[Old Main]]" building is the only site from the debates that still exists today.
Two years after the debates, and during his presidential campaign, Lincoln received the first [[honorary degrees|honorary degree]] ever conferred by Knox College—a Doctor of Laws degree, announced at the Commencement exercises of 5 July, 1860.<ref>Muelder, Hermann R. (1959) ''Fighters for freedom'', Columbia University Press.  ISBN 1-58152-409-9</ref>
U.S. Senator [[Barack Obama]] was the [[commencement speakers|commencement speaker]] for the class of 2005.  [[Stephen Colbert]] spoke and received an honorary diploma in the 2006 ceremony.  Also receiving an honorary degree in 2006 were Wikipedia creator [[Jimmy Wales]] and former Ambassador to Madagascar Shirley Barnes.  The 2007 commencement speaker was former President [[Bill Clinton]], who received an honorary doctorate of humane letters.  [[Madeleine Albright]] also received an honorary doctorate of humane letters for her commencement address in 2008.
Knox College is one of 40 colleges in the nation featured in "Colleges That Change Lives: 40 Schools That Will Change the Way You Think About College," by Loren Pope, former education editor of ''The New York Times'' and founder of ''The College Placement Bureau''.
Knox's President, [[Roger Taylor]], was chosen as one of ''Yale Daily News Guide to the Colleges'' "Most Attractive Presidents."
== Students and faculty ==
=== Student Profile<ref>[http://www.knox.edu/x700.xml Knox College Fast Facts]</ref> ===
* Size: 1,351
* Points of Origin:  45 states; 44 countries
* Credentials:  67 % graduated in the top quarter of their high school class; 32 % graduated in the top tenth.
* Diversity:  56 % women; 44 % men; 15 % students of color (4 % African American, 6 % Asian American, 4 % Latino, 1 % Native American); 7 % international
=== Faculty Profile ===
* Size:  127 (97 full-time, 30 part-time)
* Student-faculty ratio: 12:1
* Qualifications:  93 % have Ph.D. or equivalent degree
* Average Class Size: 17
=== [[Fraternities and sororities]] ===
==== Male ====
* [[Beta Theta Pi]]
* [[Phi Delta Theta]] (dormant)
* [[Phi Gamma Delta]]
* [[Sigma Chi]]
* [[Sigma Nu]]
* [[Tau Kappa Epsilon]]
* [[Gentlemen of Quality]] (temporary local colony)
==== Female ====
* [[Alpha Sigma Alpha]] (formerly [[ATP (local colony)|ATP]])
* [[Delta Delta Delta]]
* [[Kappa Kappa Gamma]]
* [[Pi Beta Phi]]
* [[Sigma Alpha Iota]]
* [[Women of Influence]] (temporary local colony)
==== Co-ed ====
* [[Alpha Phi Omega]]
== Athletics ==
Knox College is a member of the [[Midwest Conference]] in the following [[National Collegiate Athletic Association|NCAA]] Division III sports:
=== Men ===
Basketball -
Cross Country -
Golf -
Swimming and Diving -
Soccer -
Track and Field -
Tennis -
Football -
Baseball -
=== Women ===
Basketball -
Cross Country -
Golf -
Swimming and Diving -
Soccer -
Track and Field -
Tennis -
Volleyball -
=== School Mascot ===
The mascot of Knox college is the [[Prairie Fire]].<ref>[http://www.thewikifire.org/index.php?title=Prairie_Fire Prairie Fire - The Wiki Fire] the unofficial, free encyclopedia of Knox College</ref> The mascot was never officially the [[Siwash]] but alums are still mad about the switch.  Ask Brian Gaower for the story. 1993.<ref>[http://www.thewikifire.org/index.php?title=Siwash Siwash - The Wiki Fire]</ref>
===Unofficial Mascot===
The unofficial mascot of Knox College is the Prairie Dragon, coined by Kristin Mussar, 2009. The Prairie Dragon has the body of a squirrel, with wings of a dragon. It also has the ability to breathe fire and thus start prairie fires. While sightings of the actual Prairie Dragon are rare on campus, it can be seen in the following picture, or on the shirts of fellow students. Kristin hopes that the legacy of the Prairie Dragon will live on at Knox for several years to come, and invites all inquires related to its history and discovery to be directed to TheGreenSpleen25@gmail.com.
=== Rivalries ===
In 1843 prefecture- trustee [[Rev. Samuel G. Wright]] declared, “eternal, unalterable, opposition unto [[sloth]] and wickedness.”  The overwhelmingly anti- slavery student body responded to Wright’s command by initiating what has remained one of America’s longest standing intercollegiate [[rivalries]] against pro- slavery [[Yale]] University.  In 1906 124 Knox males walked 1038 miles to New Haven, Ct, where upon arrival they proceeded to raze [[Yale]]’s observatory and woman's dormitories.  In 1952, after over 100 years of rivalry, Knox College students succeeded in freeing [[Yale]]’s slaves.
== Facilities ==
Knox College has 42 academic and residential buildings on its 82-acre campus. Knox boasts electron microscopes, a gas chromatograph mass spectrometer, a Celestron telescope, access to the Inter University Consortium for Political & Social Research, the Strong Collection of 18th and 19th century maps and photographs, the Hughes Collection of manuscripts and first editions from [[Ernest Hemingway|Hemingway]] and his “Lost Generation” contemporaries, and a 700-acre natural prairie reserve, the Green Oaks Field Station. The new E. & L. Andrew Fitness Center was dedicated on February 17, 2006, a $2.4-million, state-of-the-art facility.
=== Libraries ===
Built in 1928, the handsome Seymour Library is the soul of the campus and was ranked as high as 3rd in the nation by the Princeton Review. Inside its leaded glass windows and oak paneled reading rooms, the library houses more than a quarter of a million books and subscribes to more than 700 periodicals. Its special collections include the Finley Collection of Midwest History, the Strong Collection of 18th- and 19th-century maps and photographs, the Hughes Collection of manuscripts and first editions from Hemingway and his “Lost Generation” contemporaries, and an original [[Diderot Encyclopédie]].
In addition, Knox offers the Kresge Science & Math Library, which houses the scientific and technical collections of the college, and the Center for the Fine Arts Music Library (CFA), which has collections of compact discs, vinyl record albums, printed music scores, and a core reference collection.
===Radio Station===
Knox has a radio station - [[WVKC]]. It is located on the fourth floor of George Davis Hall, a former science building that now houses social science and language departments. Its frequency in Galesburg is 90.7. It is ranked by the Princeton Review as #10 in the nation for "great college radio station" in their 2007 ''Best 361 Colleges'' rankings.[http://www.princetonreview.com/college/research/rankings/rankingDetails.asp?CategoryID=7&TopicID=56]
=== Computer laboratories ===
Four public [[computer laboratories]] are accessible to students, with several more departmental labs available and a dedicated language laboratory.
The largest, [[Founders]] Laboratory (a converted smoking lounge from many years ago), which is located in [[Seymour Hall]] (the [[student union]]), is open 24 hours a day throughout the year. Scanning (including film-scanning and [[optical character recognition]]) is available freely to student users, and printing and copy services are available for a small fee.
Addressing the issues of paper waste and in a move to become more environmentally friendly, beginning fall of 2005, recycled-content paper is being phased in for use in all college printers.  In addition, one printer is stocked with ''reused'' paper—printed on one side, the paper remains suitable for scratch copies, rough drafts, and other informal printing needs.
== The [[Honor Code]] ==
Knox College introduced the [[Honor Code]] by [[students]] in 1951. All students are held responsible for the integrity of their own work, and students are required to abide by the code. Because of this policy, tests are not proctored, and in many cases students may take their [[exams]] in any open, public place within the same building. Any cases of students caught disobeying the system are evaluated by their peers through the [[Honor Board]], a committee consisting of three seniors, three juniors, three sophomores, and two [[faculty]] members.
== Campus Traditions ==
=== [[Pumphandle]] ===
[[Pumphandle]] is an annual tradition that occurs at the beginning of each new school year.  Most of the entire campus population - including students, faculty, staff and visiting alumni - gather on the south lawn of [[Old Main]].  A line is formed beginning with the [[President of the College]].  Everyone else then moves down the line, shaking hands as they go by.  In this way, everyone in the line shakes the hand of everyone else. Pumphandle was named one of the five weirdest college traditions.
=== [[Flunk Day]] ===
[[Flunk Day]] is an annual spring carnival.  Planned by two students and a small number of administrators, the date of [[Flunk Day]] is kept secret from the campus until the morning of, when the bell in Old Main rings and a cadre of seniors known as the “[[Friars]]” who are now gathered together about 15 minutes before the official start of [[Flunk Day]] by the student planners run around campus blowing whistles and pounding on doors around 5:45 a.m. for the 6 a.m. beginning. In years past, [[Friars]] were taken the evening before [[Flunk Day]] for a night of merriment and then they were returned to campus to wake everyone up. However, since the school is trying to tone down [[Flunk Day]], the [[Friars]] are now only given 15 minutes to get wasted.
Classes are canceled for the day as the student body turns its attention to a joke issue of the student newspaper, drinking, mud-pits, live music and petting zoos.<ref>[http://whttp://www.thewikifire.org/skins/common/images/button_link.png
Internal linkww.thewikifire.org/index.php?title=Flunk_day Flunk Day - The Wiki Fire]</ref>
Supposedly the best flunk day scare ever was when a small group of students broke into Old Main and began ringing the bell. Recent Flunk day scares have been tame at best, with little to no effort put into actually convincing the students that it was truly flunk day.
=== [[Pregnancy Scare Day]] ===
[[Pregnancy Scare Day]] has continued with few interruptions since its conception in the mid 1920’s by Knox’s female students.  It was originally begun in opposition to the all male group of flunk day organizers, however has continued since the inclusion of women in  planning in the mid 1980’s.  The exact date of [[Pregnancy Scare Day]] is determined by a secret group of upperclassmen women.
== Publications ==
* ''[[The Knox Student]]'' - a weekly student newspaper (print only)
* ''[[Catch]]'' - a Pacemaker-winning literary magazine
* ''[[Cellar Door]]'' - a literary magazine
* ''[[Quiver]] - a webzine collective
== Notable alumni ==
* [[Barry Bearak]] 1971 - New York Times journalist and visiting professor at the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism, winner of the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting
* [[Ralph Connor]], pulp author, <i>Black Rock</i>
* [[Amy Carlson]] 1990 - Actress, known for her work on the NBC television series' ''Third Watch,'' and ''Law & Order: Trial by Jury''.
* [[Job Adams Cooper]] 1867 - Sixth governor of [[Colorado]].
* [[Ethyl Eichelberger]] DNG - Born James Roy Eichelberger, a famous [[drag queen]], playwright and actor, for whom a prize was founded by the downtown Manhattan theatre institution [[P.S. 122]].
* [[Eugene Field]] DNG - Poet, journalist, and author.
* [[John Huston Finley]] 1887 - former editor of ''The New York Times''.
* [[Jack Finney]] (Walter Braden Finney) 1934 - Science fiction author. Works incude ''[[The Body Snatchers]]'' and ''[[Time and Again]]''.
* [[George Fitch]] 1897 - author, journalist, and humorist
* [[Hobart R. Gay]] 1917 - U.S. Army general
* [[William Hagan]] - American political writer
* [[Robert Hanssen]] 1966 - Former FBI agent who was convicted of spying for the Soviet Union and [[Russia]] in 2001, and is the subject of the film ''[[Breach (film)|Breach]]'' (2007).
* [[Otto Harbach]] 1895 - Songwriter who is the namesake of Knox's Harbach Theatre. Harbach's ghost is rumored to haunt the theater.
* [[Bob Jamieson]] DNG - ABC news correspondent.
* [[James M. Kilts]] 1970 - former CEO of [[Gillette]].
* [[Ismat Kittani]] 1951 - former United Nations Ambassador of Iraq and President of the United Nations General Assembly who also helped start Knox's Honor System.
* [[Alex Kuo]] 1961 - Author, winner of the American Book Award
* [[Don Marquis]], author and journalist
* [[Edgar Lee Masters]] DNG - American poet and novelist, best known as the author of ''[[Spoon River Anthology]]'' (1915).
* [[S. S. McClure]] 1882 - [[Muckraking]] journalism pioneer, founder of ''[[McClure's Magazine]]''.
* [[Ander Monson]] 1997 - novelist and poet, author of the novel ''Other Electricities'', and ''Vacationland'', a collection of poems.
* [[John Podesta]] 1971 - Chief of Staff for [[Bill Clinton]].
* [[Rose Polenzani]] DNG - Independent folk musician.
* [[Gene Rayburn]] (Gene Rubessa) - Announcer for the Tonight Show, host of The Match Game and other game shows.
* [[Hiram Revels]] - First black U.S. Senator.
* [[Barnabas Root]] (also known as [[Fahma Yahny]]) - Probably the first black man to receive a college degree in [[Illinois]].
* [[Ellen Browning Scripps]] 1859 - Newspaper magnate, philanthropist, namesake of [[Scripps College]].
* [[Robert Seibert]] 1963 - Professor at Knox College and author of ''Politics and Change in the Middle East''. 
* [[Joseph J. Sisco]] 1941 - former diplomat under [[Henry Kissinger]].
* [[Mimi Smartypants]] - Internet personality and author of ''[http://i-share.carli.illinois.edu/knx/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=207353&v1=1&DB=localThe World According to Mimi Smartypants]''.
* [[Roger Taylor]] 1963 - current President of Knox
*"Now will saying 'yes' get you in trouble at times? Will saying 'yes' lead you to doing some foolish things? Yes it will. But don't be afraid to be a fool. Remember, you cannot be both young and wise. Young people who pretend to be wise to the ways of the world are mostly just cynics. Cynicism masquerades as wisdom, but it is the farthest thing from it. Because cynics don't learn anything. Because cynicism is a self-imposed blindness, a rejection of the world because we are afraid it will hurt us or disappoint us. Cynics always say no. But saying 'yes' begins things. Saying 'yes' is how things grow. Saying 'yes' leads to knowledge. 'Yes' is for young people. So for as long as you have the strength to, say 'yes.'"  [[Stephen Colbert]] to the 2006 graduating class.<ref>[[Stephen Colbert]], [http://www.knox.edu/x12547.xml Commencement Address to Knox College], June 3, 2006, via Knox.edu.</ref>
* Knox College 2004-2005 Catalog
* Knox College Student Handbook 2004-2005

Revision as of 09:21, 30 August 2017